Share the Research

If you have conducted (or are aware of) relevant research on the efficacy / application of vestibular stimulation and would like to to share it with others on this website, click here.




















Share the Research

If you have conducted (or are aware of) relevant research on the efficacy / application of vestibular stimulation and would like to to share it with others on this website, click here.

The Science

Vestibular ScienceVestibular stimulation is commonly defined as the input that the human body receives when it experiences movement or gravity.

New studies continue to broaden our understanding of the magnitude and importance of vestibular contributions to processes throughout the brain (12) and body (16, 21, 38), fueling a resurgence in the research and application of vestibular stimulation.

New Data, New Applications, New Potential.
Studies crossing multiple disciplines continue to supplement our knowledge and understanding of the vestibular system. Once believed to be associated only with balance, recent scientific studies demonstrate that the vestibular system and the effects of vestibular stimulation have an impact on multiple systems throughout the human body.

As new research continues to uncover the widespread benefits of vestibular stimulation, new applications are being identified as effective and non-invasive treatments for an increasing number of conditions.

Vestibular stimulation is shown to have an impact on dizziness and balance disorders (1, 6, 12, 14, 36, 39), sensorimotor systems (12, 20, 23, 27, 39), cerebral palsy (24, 35), concussion and TBI (1, 5, 7, 9, 14, 22, 37, 38), PTSD (3, 11, 12, 22), Parkinson's disease (34, 36, 39), developmental and learning disabilities (2, 8, 10, 12, 15, 19, 20, 21, 23, 31), endocrine disorders (18, 19, 25, 27, 28, 33), mental health issues (10, 11, 12, 17, 22, 23, 26, 37, 38), cardiovascular and circulatory function (16, 25, 26, 32, 42), sleep disorders (25, 27), the nervous system (5, 12, 16, 20, 43), as well as stress and emotional stability (3, 10, 11, 12, 17, 18, 20, 22, 26, 27, 29, 33).

While studies reveal the broad potential of vestibular stimulation, practical applications in clinical settings have been slow to emerge. This has been due in large part because equipment capable of delivering the power, precision, and control needed for clinical applications did not exist.

A Better Delivery System
Research points to a demonstrated need for a better and more effective way to deliver vestibular stimulation.

GyroStim’s advanced technology meets this need. It provides clinicians, trainers, and researchers with a tool capable of delivering vestibular stimulation with the power, precision, and controllable intensities needed to further practical applications of vestibular stimulation today, and to support research well into the future.


  1. Alsalaheen, Bara & Mucha, Anne & O Morris, Laura & Whitney, Susan & M Furman, Joseph & E Camiolo-Reddy, Cara & W Collins, Michael & Lovell, Mark & Sparto, Patrick Vestibular Rehabilitation for Dizziness and Balance Disorders After Concussion (2010). Journal of neurologic physical therapy: JNPT. 34. 87-93.
  2. L. Eugene Arnold, David L. Clark, Larry A. Sachs, Stephanie Jakim, Chris Smithies; Vestibular and Visual Rotational Stimulation as Treatment for Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity. Am J Occup Ther 1985;39(2):84-91. doi: 10.5014/ajot.39.2.84.
  3. Carrick, Frederick & Mclellan, Kate & Brandon Brock, Joel & Randall, Cagan & Oggero, Elena. (2015). Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Novel Brain and Vestibular Rehabilitation Treatment Modality in PTSD Patients Who have Suffered Combat-Related Traumatic Brain Injuries. Frontiers in Public Health. 3.
  4. Desai, Sapan, Dua, Anahita. (2014). History of Research in the Vestibular System: A 400-Year-Old Story. Journal of Anatomy. Journal of Anatomy. 4.
  5. Fiebert ,M, I & Brown, E. (1979). Vestibular stimulation to improve ambulation after a cerebral vascular accident. Physical therapy. 59. 423-6.
  6. Fox, Kim. Case Study: Mal de Debarquement Syndrome. Vestibular Disorders Association, May 2017.
  7. Gagnon, Isabelle, Carlo Galli, Debbie Friedman, Lisa Grilli & Grant L. Iverson Active rehabilitation for children who are slow to recover following sport-related concussion Brain Injury Vol. 23 , Iss. 12, 2009.
  8. Grabherr, Luzia and Macauda, Gianluca and Lenggenhager, Bigna, The Moving History of Vestibular Stimulation as a Therapeutic Intervention. Multisensory Research, 28, 653-687 (2015)
  9. Gurley, James M.  Hujsak, Bryan D. Kelly, Jennifer L. Vestibular rehabilitation following mild traumatic brain injury. NeuroRehabilitation, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 519-528, 2013
  10. Gurvich, Caroline & Maller, Jerome & Lithgow, Brian & Haghgooie, Saman & Kulkarni, Jayashri. Vestibular insights into cognition and psychiatry. Brain research.  (2013).  1537.
  11. O. Haber, Yaa & Chandler, Helena & Serrador, Jorge. Symptoms Associated with Vestibular Impairment in Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. PLOS ONE. 11(2016)
  12. Hitier, Martin & Besnard, Stephane & Smith, Paul. (2014). Vestibular pathways involved in cognition. Frontiers in integrative neuroscience. 8. 59. 10.3389/fnint.2014.00059.
  13. Horak FB, Jones-Rycewicz C, Black FO, Shumway-Cook A. Effects of vestibular rehabilitation on dizziness and imbalance. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992 Feb;106(2) 175-180. PMID: 1738550.
  14. Leddy, John J. , John G. Baker, Barry Willer Active Rehabilitation of Concussion and Post-concussion Syndrome. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, Volume 27, Issue 2, Pages 437-454
  15. Magrun, W. Michael, Kenneth Ottenbacher, Susan McCue, Rosemary Keefe; Effects of Vestibular Stimulation on Spontaneous Use of Verbal Language in Developmentally Delayed Children. Am J Occup Ther 1981;35(2):101-104.    
  16. McCall, Andrew & Miller, Derek & Yates, Bill. (2017). Descending Influences on Vestibulospinal and Vestibulosympathetic Reflexes. Frontiers in Neurology. 8. 112.
  17. Miller, Steven. Vestibular neuromodulation:href="">Stimulating the neural crossroads of psychiatric illness. Bipolar Disorders. (2016). Effects of Vestibular Rehabilitation on Dizziness and Imbalance.
  18. Minu, Johny, & Sailesh, Kumar & Rajagopalan, Archana & Mukkadan, Joseph Kurien. (2017). Vestibular stimulation for management of premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine. 8. 82.
  19. Mukkadan Joseph Kurien, Archana Rajagopalan, Kumar Sai Sailesh, Varsha Varghese, Arati Amin, Udaya Kumar Reddy, Jinu Kochakkan Varghese, Soumya Mishra. Stress,Thyroid Hormone Secretion and Vestibular Stimulation: A Review of the Links. BEMS Reports, 2015; 1(2): 31-34
  20. Niklasson, M, Torsten Norlander, Irene Niklasson, Peder Rasmussen. Catching up: Children with developmental coordination disorder compared to healthy children before and after sensorimotor therapy PLOS One, October 2017.
  21. Niklasson, M., Rasmussen, P., Niklasson, I., & Norlander, T. (2015). Adults with sensorimotor disorders: enhanced physiological and psychological development following specific sensorimotor training. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 480.
  22. NPR: War Studies Suggest A Concussion Leaves The Brain Vulnerable To PTSD, September 26, 2016, Morning Edition.
  23. Ottenbacher, Kenneth & Petersen, Paul. (1984). The Efficacy of Vestibular Stimulation as a Form of Specific Sensory Enrichment: Quantitative Review of the Literature. Clinical pediatrics. 23. 428-33.
  24. Parashar A, Pattnaik M, Mohanty P (2017) Effect of Vestibular Stimulation Versus Whole Body Vibration on Standing Balance in Children with Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy. J Nov Physiother 7:348.  
  25. Rajagopalan, A., Jinu, K. V., Sailesh, K. S., Mishra, S., Reddy, U. K., & Mukkadan, J. K. (2017). Understanding the links between vestibular and limbic systems regulating emotions. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine, 8(1), 11–15.
  26. Rajagopalan, Archana & Sailesh, Kumar & Jk, Mukkadan. Effect of vestibular stimulation on stress and cardiovascular parameters in healthy college students. (2016) Biomedical Research. 27. 985-990.
  27. Sailesh KS, Archana R, Mukkadan JK Controlled Vestibular Stimulation: A Novel Treatment for Insomnia. International Journal of Health Sciences and Research. November 2013, Vol 3, Issue 11, 127
  28. Sailesh KS, Archana R, Mukkadan JK. Vestibular stimulation: A simple but effective intervention in diabetes care. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine. 2015;6(2):321-323.
  29. Sailesh, K. S., R, A., & J K., M. (2014). Controlled Vestibular Stimulation: A Physiological Method of Stress Relief. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research : JCDR, 8(12), BM01–BM02.
  30. Sailesh, Kumar. (2014). Vestibular balance of food intake. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 5. B1069-B1073.
  31. Sandler, Allen & Coren, Andrea. (1981). Vestibular Stimulation in Early Childhood: A Review. Journal of Early Intervention - J EARLY INTERVENTION. 3. 48-55.
  32. Serrador, JM, Schlegel TT, Black FO, Wood SJ. Vestibular effects on cerebral blood flow BMC Neuroscience [23 Sept 2009. 10:119]
  33. Baby, Sneha , Kumar Sai Sailesh, Minu Johny, Mukkadan JK, Beneficial effects of vestibular stimulation in limiting thyroid modulation in females with Premenstrual syndrome. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Science, January 20-17. Volume 10, Issue 2, 258
  34. Tamlin, Belinda , Kim McDonald, Margaret Correll, Margaret H. Sharpe. The Immediate Effects of Vestibular Stimulation on Gait in Patients with Parkinson's Disease. 1993. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair.Vol 7, Issue 1, pp. 35 – 39
  35. Marco Tramontano, Alessandra Medici, Marco Iosa, Alessia Chiariotti, Giulia Fusillo, Leonardo Manzari, and Daniela Morelli. The Effect of Vestibular Stimulation on Motor Functions of Children With Cerebral Palsy Motor Control 2017 21:3, 299-311
  36. Van Vaerenbergh, Jo & Vranken, Ria & Baro, Frans. (2003). The influence of rotational exercises on freezing in Parkinson's disease. Functional Neurology. 18. 11-6.
  37. Wackym, P. Ashley; Balaban, Carey D.; Mackay, Heather T.; Wood, Scott J.; Lundell, Christopher J.; Carter, Dale M.; Siker, David A., Longitudinal Cognitive and Neurobehavioral Functional Outcomes Before and After Repairing Otic Capsule Dehiscence Otology & Neurotology. 37(1):70-82, January 2016.
  38. Wackym, P. A., Mackay-Promitas, H. T., Demirel, S., Gianoli, G. J., Gizzi, M. S., Carter, D. M. and Siker, D. A. (2017), Comorbidities confounding the outcomes of surgery for third window syndrome: Outlier analysis. Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology, 2: 225–253. doi:10.1002/lio2.89
  39. Wafaa Abdel-Hay El-Kholy, Hesham Mohamed Taha, Soha Mohamed Hamada, Mona Abdel-Fattah Sayed, Effect of different modes of therapy on vestibular and balance dysfunction in Parkinson's disease, In Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences, Volume 16, Issue 2, 2015, Pages 123-131.
  40. Watson, Mary Ann, MA, F. Owen Black, MD, FACS, and Matthew Crowson, MD. The Human Balance System: A Complex Coordination of Central and Peripheral Systems,  Vestibular Disorders Association.
  41. Wiszomirska, Ida, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk, Michalina Bakiewicz, Andrzej Wit, The impact of a vestibular-stimulating exercise regimen on postural stability in women over 60. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness, Volume 13, Issue 2, 2015, Pages 72-78, ISSN 1728-869X.
  42. Yates, B. J., Bolton, P. S., & Macefield, V. G. (2014). Vestibulo-Sympathetic Responses. Comprehensive Physiology, 4(2), 851–887
  43. Yates, B., Billig, I., Cotter, L., Mori, R. and Card, J. (2002), Role Of The Vestibular System In Regulating Respiratory Muscle Activity During Movement. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 29: 112–117.